Sujit Choudhry’s Take on The Failing State of Democracy

Sujit Choudhry a professor in the field law from the university of California, Berkeley. His research is mainly focused in the areas of comparative constitutional law and politics ( Thus, he is known all around the world for his deep knowledge in politics and comparative law. He is also a founding director at the center for constitutional transitions an organization that gathers information with the aim of constructing constitutions. He is also an advisor in matters involving politics and law with experience in facilitating dialogues between civil society and the various stake holders.

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Sujit Choudhry in an article that describes his book points out to the state of failing democracies and the way they are undermining the constitution by tampering with it in order to cling onto to power. He further goes to give examples of the way these democracies are failing such as one tweet by the then Attorney General under the Obama rule Eric Holder who went on to defend the senior Whitehouse counsel Bob Mueller that if he was terminated that would be crossing the red line and that the people would then move to the streets as the American people must be seen and heard, check

According to Sujit Choudhry this tweet enhanced the notion that constitutional self-enforcement is built around the concept of a focal point whereby the focal point is considered to be the constitutional rule he further gives another example of a focal point being the presidential term limit and that the leaders who would otherwise want to break this term limit by the various ways would more often than not lead to other leaders going against it and bringing citizens to the street.

Sujit Choudhry further takes Eric Holders red lines and stated that they are an example of democratic failure. Giving examples such as disregarding term limits, coup d’état and rigging of elections. He further goes on to mention a few threats to democracy that are replacing the coup d’état which is authoritarian backsliding this is using legal means to manipulate the constitution to stay in power.

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Sujit Choudhry’s Views On Holder Tweet And Its Implications

Sujit Choudhry is an internationally recognized professor who bases most of his research in comparative laws of the constitution and politics. This involves the use of the constitutional design as a tool to manage the transitioning from violent to nonviolent self-governing politics, federalism, bills of rights among other researchers. Sujit Choudhry has also widely written on the Canadian constitutional law. One of his most recent work is a book chapter set to be released in Constitutional Democracies in Crisis ( Generally, he bases his research on a tweet by Eric Holder who served as an Attorney General during the Obama presidency which was published at the end of 2017 to his followers. In the tweet Holder labeled any termination of White Special advisor Robert Mueller an absolute red line. He also continued and added that in case anything happens nonviolent demonstrations should ensue.

From Sujit Choudhry’s point of view to the Holders tweet ,the former Attorney General, the need to act is centered on two concepts. One of the concepts is the symbolic red line and the second concept is that Holder lets the American citizens decide if the officials have abused their power and trespassed the named boundaries. More to that Sujit Choudhry says that Holder implies that the reaction of the American citizens will help to decide how the issue will be handled. Choudhry says that Holder tweet is based on the idea of constitutional self-enforcement which is built within the concept of the focal point.

According to professor Sujit, the other example of a focal point is the length and the limit of the presidential term, which is two terms in the States all over the world. He continues to write and states that autocrats would seek to break the focal point by trying to increase their length in office by either declaring a state of emergency or going ahead and suspending the elections. Sujit Choudhry writes that if Holder red line is translated to a certain context, then it can be considered as a failure in democracy.

The chapter focuses on various aspects modern-day political climate especially in the social media, (Twitter) and several other places within the world that indicate the deterioration of the constitutional democracy together with the autocratic type of presidency.

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Igor Cornelsen- An Incredible Investment Advisor

Igor Cornelsen has a solid background in the banking and investment field. Having spent close to 50 years in the industry, the 70-year-old is the best person you could choose for your investments guide and advice. As it is said, interest and passion are the primary two attributes that drive people to do great invisible things. Admitted as an Engineering student at the Federal University of Parana, Igor found out that something else was within him. After two years of study, he could not help but start studying economics. In 1970, after his graduation, Igor secured a job at an investment bank and began building his skills. Starting then, a series of many exciting encounters have made Igor the man he is today.

Having served previously as the CEO and a board member to several banks, Igor Cornelsen formed his investment firm in 1995. Nothing changed from what he was used to doing. He kept providing the same services as usual. He is a brilliant investment manager to date. His investment advising idea did not just sprout from nowhere, it was through his experience in the industry, managing funds in stock markets that opened his inner eyes.

Igor Cornelsen is a consistent individual with stringent personal principles. He is wise and does things quite differently. First, he follows economies very closely. He filters out those with improving investing assets to invest in the long run. He also gets his information directly from Reuters, which is very reliable. This way, he has become a more productive entrepreneur. Igor believes that it is only through reading a lot of firsthand information that can separate one real and true investor from others. What has helped him grow is finding out assets depreciated before anyone else did. As an experienced Brazilian banker, Igor Cornelsen has always been a mirror to many investors either within or outside the country.

Igor Cornelsen Investment Advice


The sooner you start, the better. Never wait for the perfect time to begin your journey in the investment game. Age has never been a limiting factor. But for maximum returns, you better start early.

2.Minimize Risk

The last thing any investor would like to see is losing their money. It is therefore ideal for them not to lose money. The risk is everywhere, and it is always associated with losing money. Since the main reason people invest is to make gains, they should also remember that losing money is never encouraged.

3.Get an Adviser

For those who are just starting off, this is the best thing you could do to yourself. Accept to first begin by taking baby steps before you could start running.

Finally, as an investor, the best way of minimising risks is via diversification of your portfolios.

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Sujit Choudhry Discusses Issues with Democracy

Sujit Choudhry is known all over the world for his expertise on politics and comparative constitutional law. He helped to found the Center for Constitutional Transitions. Sujit Choudhry continues to maintain a strong presence in the global scene by sitting on several international organizations and often helps foreign countries create constitutions. At the same time, he was published countless books and shared his knowledge all over the world. The website Release Fact recently published an article about Sujit Choudhry’s thoughts on the current political climate.

This focuses on a chapter in his upcoming publication, “Constitutional Democracies in Crisis?,” regarding the potential firing of Robert Muller. It involves a tweet from Eric Holder, where Sujit Choudhry argues about a red line that exists in democracy. He gives another example where he points out the presidential term limit. There is nothing wrong with each of these red lines being broken on the surface but beneath there’s essentially a honor system. The rules and laws are only as good the people enforcing them. If nobody speaks up, then the system will be changed from its original ideas.

Deeper into the article, Sujit Choudhry mentions other ways a democratic government can fall. Democratic backsliding is a common cause, where a leader manipulates the system to favor them in the long term. Coup d’états and autogolpes used to be common methods, but in the modern era democracy is the dominant system globally. At the end of the day, a country’s constitution is simply a reference point. Its up to the leaders and the people to decide what it means, and how the country will implement the rules. For more of his views, click

The world is always undergoing political shifts. Recently, the election of Donald Trump in the United States is once again proving that democracy will always be challenged. His controversial travel ban and polices are always testing the limits of his powers. There may never come a day when a country has political peace. A new generation with new ideals of right and wrong is always raising up.

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Meet the CEO of the OSI Group: Sheldon Lavin

The success of Sheldon Lavin is one that is discussed on a daily basis. He is the CEO of the OSI Group. The OSI firm deals with the distribution of food. Through the wise ideas of Lavin, the firm has been able to extend its market globally.

Sheldon Lavin’s dream was to create a series of companies that could help in the distribution of food products. He knew the only way to achieve this was through becoming a financial consultant. This was because many firms need financial help to expand their businesses and that he was ready to offer. His breakthrough came when the Otto & Sons came knocking at his door. He saw the potential in the firm and financed them.

Later, Sheldon Lavin became more involved in the business when they wanted ways to expand globally. When their father retired, the sons appointed Lavin as one of their partners. Later, when Sheldon Lavin was convinced that the firm had the potential to stay in the market, he joined the company on a full-time basis. He has led the firm in the purchase of Baho foods among other industries, which have helped the company gain leverage.

Lavin says at the beginning of his career; he was scared. He was afraid that his skills were not up to the standards. However, after experiencing success, he became confident. He says to make money one has to spend money. He says that investing on a large-scale basis helps in minimizing costs as one enjoys the economies of scale.

Lavin says that among the attributes that makes him successful is being a great planner. He explains that from a tender age he learned to make decisions in a way that he could secure his future. Planning helps in the creation of companies that can withstand the pressure in the market.

For success, one has to be highly innovative. Sheldon says that the secret of innovation is hard to explain. According to him, humility is key to innovation. This means listening to other individuals and noting down their ideas. He says that one has to trust their human capital as well. On top of that, you got to listen to as many smart people as possible. People are unique in their way. Their ideas are always different from each other and, therefore, very beneficial.

Under the leadership of Lavin, the OSI Group has won multiple awards. They are positive that things will only get better in the industry.

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Ara Chackerian- A Man of Nature and People

The ancient Hebrews recognized the beauty and diversity of wilderness area by describing it in different words that show the experience of nature. Ara Chackerian, a forestry visionary, believes that wilderness area plays a vital role in the societal fabric, albeit complex and in the provision of abundance resources. Additionally, it provides terrific venues for inspiration, recreation, and athletic pursuits. Ara Chackerian has provided partners, clients and nature enthusiasts with various technologies and tools needed for conservation and preservation of the wilderness area. He also offers affirming and exceptional opportunities to harvest different resources located in nature’s pantry.


Ara Chackerian states that the planet wilderness is beautiful with precious resources that need stewardship. Luckily, a group of forestry dedicated professionals have the resources to offer wilderness management to both private and public entities. Careful management of wildlife population and curation of trees provide various benefits to everyone giving the world an opportunity to pass one of the most significant resources and gifts to the coming generations.




Ara Chackerian states that wilderness management requires careful forestry techniques that help in preserving the diverse wildlife population. This also includes protecting the wilderness from the natural decline and threats from fire, drought and intense storms. He believes that wilderness areas are very different and each requires precise planning and an elaborated resources management. He gives an example of Michigan wilderness area that needs careful forestry planning to account for the recreating and commercial usage and space for the wildlife population. The forest managers have the mandate to set the forestage to ensure a daily supply of jack pines, brush piles and elk guaranteeing forest animals are well feed and live comfortable. You can visit their Medium to know more.


Ara Chackerian is a philanthropist and an entrepreneur based in San Francisco. He has a successful career that span decades of years working in healthcare technology field and over the years he founded different companies that specialize in various diagnostic imaging services. Ara is the President and also co-founders of Nicaragua, Limoapa Teak, and teak farm that strive in providing the local community with jobs using environmentally friendly practices. Ara Chackerian has joined his partner, and together they are spreading awareness of transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment for mental health. You can visit their Twitter page.


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Waiakea Water Continues to Live up to the Platform it was Launched On

Most people know that drinking water is good for their state of health, but what they might not be aware of is how water aids the different systems inside the body. An online article took a look at the beneficial properties found in the Waiakea brand of bottled water. One aspect highlighted in the article was the importance of an alkaline pH level. This level varies to a slight degree by the different parts of the body, but overall is best when maintained around 7.4. The pH found in bottled water could fluctuate between 0 and 14.

The Waiakea brand of water has a natural pH that falls around 8.8. This Waiakea water pH level also makes it an alkaline water, which is better suited to the internal systems of the body. Drinking a naturally alkaline water helps flush out toxins, which could lead to disease. Sometimes referred to as a Hawaii volcanic water, its naturally refreshing taste and alkalinity are directly attributed to the layers of volcanic rock the water passes through on its journey to the source from which it is captured.

The Waiakea brand of water is proud to be among the world’s greenest brands. Not only does the team behind this brand take steps to ensure their bottling process helps preserve the natural resources on the planet by using less energy, but they have also made a move toward using recyclable plastic bottles that will be fully degradable. They also help bring clean water to underdeveloped areas in Africa. In a partnership with Pump Aid, Waiakea water donates one week’s worth of water for every liter they sell.

As a brand of water launched in 2012, Waiakea has definitely been able to live up to the platform it was promoted on, which included being a brand that was healthy, sustainable and ethically responsible. Featured in prominent magazines such as Forbes and People, the Waiakea brand has been the recipient of many awards including a Gold in Water award from BevStar and an Innovation award from the National Restaurant Association. It also received an award for best packaging from Berkeley Springs.

Dr. Shafik Sachedina’s Role In The Islamic Community Of Ismaili

Dr. Shafik Sachedina is a highly respected figure in the Islamic community in the United Kingdom. He plays an essential role in the leadership of the Ismaili community. Dr. Sachedina is renowned for his generosity and the passion for helping other people. He has dedicated his entire life serving people and communities in different capacities.

He is an active member of the Ismaili community, where he is directly involved in the day-to-day running of the community’s activities in U.K and all over the world. His main role in Ismaili community is that of an advisor and active member.

Part of Dr. Shafik’s objectives is to ensure that more Muslims get to know the history of Ismaili Community and what they stand for. Over the years, Dr. Sachedina has been helping in the integration of more members into the community. So far, Ismaili community boasts of more than 20 million community members across the world. Dr. Shafik Sachedina also works in collaboration with the Agha Khan foundation to uplift the living standards of members living in these communities by providing various social amenities such as schools and hospitals where they are in dire need.

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Dr. Shafik Sachedina role at Sussex Health Care
Besides being an active member of the Ismaili Community, Dr. Shafik is also the co-founder and director of Sussex Healthcare. This is an institution that offers specialized care to the elderly and people with mental disabilities. The institution has been serving people living in Sussex area but they are now expanding by establishing more facilities in the neighborhood. Currently, Sussex Health Care has twenty-three facilities with a similar vision and strategy. The institution takes care of people with Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, neurological issues, and multiple learning disabilities.

Dr. Shafik Sachedina educational background
Dr. Shafik was born in 1951 in Tanzania. He spent his early childhood in the East African country before his parents relocated to England. Shafik continued with his studies where he joined a prestigious University in London to study dental surgery. After his graduation, Dr. Shafik Sachedina focused on private practice to sharpen his skills. Dr. Shafik loved helping people. During his private practice, Dr. Shafik became very popular with patients referring their friends to him whenever they needed a dental checkup. After practicing for several years, Dr. Shafik Sachedina decided to try his luck in entrepreneurship. He partnered with one of his friends in the hospitality industry to establish Sussex health care.


Jim Larkin, a Phoenix native, dropped out in 1972 from Arizona State University and joined Michael Lacey to control the Phoenix New Time that came into existence in the year. Michael Lacey was also an Arizona State University drop out who grew up in New Jersey.

In 1970, Michael Lacey and several other students published an article in the Phoenix times to respond to the ultra-traditional media that covered the antiwar protest in the campus. Lacey became the executive editor of the Phoenix New times, and Jim Larkin who was his business partner was the headed the advertisement side. Learn more about Michael Lacey and Jim Larkin:

In the year 1983, the New Times acquired the Westword, a weekly news-arts and this instigated an expansion that would lead to a multimillion-dollar firm made up of more than 17 papers in the region like Miami New Times, LA Weekly and Village Voice of New York, etc. In 2007 October, Larkin and Lacey were arrested for revealing that the Grand Jury of the Subpoenas was targeting the New Times readers, editors and writers.

The arrest was initiated by Joe Arpaio, the anti-migrant county sheriff in Maricopa, Arizona. The charges were dropped within 24 hours due to the public outcry.

Due to the illegal detainment, Larkin and Lacey pursued a legal battle against their arrest. The battle ended in the Ninth Circuit Court when the court ruled that the two had been arrested without any cause.The County, Maricopa, paid Lacey and Larkin $ 3.75 million as compensation for the lawsuit against Joe Arpaio. Larkin and Lacey opened up Frontera Fund with the funds.

The organization founded is a non-profit organization that gives funds to the migrant rights firms around Arizona. This organization works in support of other not for profit groups that vigorously supports and maintains the rights of Latinos and Hispanics. The organization has already helped out firms that help Hispanics and Latinos that have been singled out by law enforcement and public officials.

Joe Arpaio served as county sheriff in Maricopa for twenty-four years. During his tenure, the Latino and the Hispanic community was undermined. The police officers under him acted as spokespersons to Joe’s racist policies. This caused a push and pull for the victims of these policies formed by Arpaio and members that opposed the policies. Read more: Michael Lacey | Twitter and Jim Larkin | LinkedIn

In 2017 July, he was convicted of the wrongdoings he did while he served as sheriff but was pardoned by Donald Trump. Arpaio supported Donald Trump when he started the birther movement that acted against Barrack Obama.

Joe Arpaio had founded his reputation on being against illegal migration and with pursuing his goals of doing away with the illegal migration; he ended up violating many people’s right.

The Frontera fund formed by Larkin and Lacey contributes in reducing the damage caused by Joe Arpaio and his group and is also determined to fight against Arpaio’s legacy.

After the successful formation of the Frontera Fund, Larkin and Lacey returned to journalism and founded Front Page, a website that majors on First Amendment and threat to speech.

Alexandre Gama Established Neogama As Premier Agency

Perhaps the greatest creative director and copywriter in the Brazil over the past 35 years, Alexandre Gama is still as hungry as ever. The entrepreneur, copywriter, and advertising executive formed the world-renown creative agency, Neogama, in 1999. The business has been a massive success and has gained notoriety all over the world as one of the most award-winning agencies.

All of that success did not come overnight to Gama. He began his career at the bottom rung of the ladder as a copywriter fresh out of university. He worked for most of the 80s at Standard Ogilvy & Mather and established himself as his generations greatest copywriter. He turned that success into a decade long career as a creative director and executive at a number of agencies in the 1990s. He decided to branch off on his own in 1999 and never looked back, establishing Neogama as the premier Brazilian agency.