James Larkin, commonly known as Jim, was born on January 21, 1876, in Liverpool, England. Jim Larkin was raised up in the Liverpool slums. Being among the most fortunate in the slum area, Jim Larkin afforded little formal education. Jim had to work to supplement his family’s income. In his youth, he worked in various jobs where eventually, James Larkin served in the Liverpool docks as a foreman. Read more: Jim Larkin – Biography
He became a committed socialist with a belief that workers in his niche were given unfair treatment. In 1905, Jim became a full-time member of the National Union of Dock Laborers (NUDL) serving as the trade union’s organizer.
After two years, Jim was transferred from NUDL to Dublin. While in Dublin, Jim established the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union. The aim of the union was to bring together all industrial workers, both skilled and unskilled, into one umbrella organization. To amplify the union’s voice, Larkin formed the Irish Labor Party that organized strikes whenever workers wanted to be listened to.
The most significant activity of the Irish Labor Party activities was in 1913 during the Dublin Lockout. Over 100,000 workers participated in an eight-month strike to advocate for the right to fair employment. Successfully, the party’s strike achieved a win.
Larkin advocated for peace in Dublin during the World War I outbreak. He developed a big anti-war demonstration throughout Dublin. Later, Jim Larkin traveled to the United States with a positive intent to raise funds to fight the British. However, Jim was deported to Ireland after three years.
This gave him more socialist strength that he organized another union known as Workers’ Union of Ireland. In 1924, Jim Larkin was recognized for his communist attribution. He secured unique recognition from Communist International.
In the 1930s, Jim Larkin moved further to the communism center to mobilize against the Catholic Church who was against socialism. James concentrated on the ailing of the Workers’ Union of Ireland and on building a strong base for the union’s seat in Dublin Corporation.
With great ambitions, Jim enjoyed a partial achievement in the labor movement. His labor activism strategies prioritized workers by providing solutions to their housing problems under the Trade Union Act. Jim has worked for the worker’s benefits throughout his entire lifetime.